Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) and It’s Prevention

30/04/2021 Vinod 0 Comments

Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) :-

Diseases which are transmitted through sexual intercourse are collectively called Sexual Transmitted Diseases (STDs) or Venereal Diseases or Reproductive tract infections.

Examples :- Gonorrhoea, Syphilis, Genitalia warts, AIDS etc.

Name of Sexual Transmitted Diseases, Causes and Symptoms :-

  1. Trichomoniasis.

Cause – Trichomonas vaginalis (protozoa).

Symptoms – vaginal infection and secretion.

2. Itching.

Cause – Candida albicans (yeast).

Symptoms – Itching in penis and female external genitalia.

3. Gonorrhoea.

Cause – Nisseria gonerrhoea (bacteria).

Symptoms – Infection in female cervix and urethra in male.

4. Syphilis.

Cause – treponema pallidum (bacteria).

Symptoms – pox in external genitalia skin.

5. Chlamydiasis.

Cause – Chlamydia trichomatis (bacteria).

Symptoms – Swelling and infection in fallopian tube, cervix, urethra etc.

6. Herpes.

Cause – Herpes simplex virus – II.

Symptoms – Blisters on the external genitalia.

7. Genital warts.

Cause – Human papilloma virus.

Symptoms – Warts in penis and anus.

8. AIDS.

Cause – HIV (virus).

Symptoms – Infection in WBCs and Immune deficiency.

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Fig. Some Causative agents of Sexually Transmitted Diseases.

Diagnosis of Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) :-

These are diagnosing in VDRL (Vnereal Disease Research Laboratory) by the following test –

  1. Antigen/Antibody test.
  2. Polymerase chain reaction.
  3. DNA hybridization.

Prevention of Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) :-

  • Avoid sex with unknown partners.
  • Always use condoms during coitus.
  • In case of doubt, one should go to a qualified doctor for early detection and get complete treatment if diagnosed with diseases.

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